The 2011 People' survey on Solomon Islands has shown little change since it was first conducted in 2007.During a presentation of the survey this week, Dr Chris McMurray says little has changed from the previous surveys, creating a very alarming situation for the Solomon Islands.
The survey showed 49 percent of people in the country do not have reliable clean water while 31 percent rely on rivers and streams for water.
The survey further showed 80 percent of people attended primary school for five years, long enough to read and write, but less than that go on to secondary education. Less than 10 percent of the population go on to study at tertiary institutions.
The peoples' survey is conducted every two years and topics include access to services and information, household finances and employment , safety in the community, the police and RAMSI, leadership, accountability, elections and dispute resolution.
The 2011 survey was conducted in Choiseul, Western, Isabel, Malaita, Guadalcanal, Temotu and Honiara.
Land disputes has topped the list of causes of conflict in the Solomon Islands.
According to the 2011 People' survey, land disputes was followed by alcohol and drugs, and argument. Dr Chris McMurray says, the results shows that people in Solomon Islands regard land in a very big way as their territory and space.
Dr Chris added the dominance of land disputes in the conflict list was a big change from previous surveys. It was also revealed that this could be attributed to the increase of logging activities in the country.
Land disputes scored 61 percent, while alcohol and drugs, and argument at 40 percent each. It also revealed that alcohol and drugs are often an underlying reason why arguments break out, and can prevent the peaceful resolution of disagreements.
Criminal activity was a minor cause of conflict coming in fourth with 17 percent.