Girls are leading by different examples in fighting climate change across Asia-Pacific, says new Plan International report.
Countries are also starting to improve girls’ rights to lead their own lives and make their own choices - yet more needs to be done.
While the world awaits in anticipation as new climate policies are articulated at COP27 in Egypt, girls in Asia-Pacific are taking the lead and tackling the climate crisis head-on, according to Plan International's annual report on girls' leadership.
Plan International’s 2022 Girls Report: Their Fight for the Future presents the region’s state of girls’ and young women’s leadership and the impacts they are having on climate change movements.
In partnership with the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), surveys, interviews and detailed research reveals how girls and young women changemakers are successfully demanding climate justice in the Asia-Pacific region. In both online and offline spaces, girls and young women are collaborating to change the conversation and influence policy at national and international levels - 93% of girls surveyed identified as engaging in policy-making processes, ranging from agenda setting and policy formulation to implementation and monitoring.
Yet the conditions in some countries are more enabling than others. Across the region, gender and age discrimination are restricting the ability for girls to take the lead.
“When girls and young women are given the support and opportunity to take leadership and stand up for the future of the planet, marginalized voices can be heard and everyone benefits,” said Bhagyashri Dengle, Regional Director, Plan International Asia-Pacific Hub. “Girls and young women continue to face multiple challenges and barriers in their lives, and they are disproportionately affected by climate change. This report demonstrates a girl’s ability to break through barriers.”
The report also identifies other enabling and constraining factors facing young women when trying to develop leadership capabilities in the region - through the Asia and Pacific Girls Leadership Indexes (GLIs).
Capturing a girl’s right to lead in Asia-Pacific - The Girls’ Leadership Indexes
The Girls’ Leadership Indexes, launched in 2019, is uniquely focused on adolescent girls and young women, measuring environmental conditions that allow a girl to exercise agency, voice and participation in their own lives.
The indexes analyze 33 countries across Asia-Pacific, measuring seven key areas in society: education, health, economic opportunities, protection, political voice and representation, laws and policies and climate action.
Split into two different indexes for 19 countries in Asia and 14 in the Pacific, this year’s indexes offer cause for optimism: Over 70% of countries have shown some form of improvement in the last year.
In Asia, 16 out of 19 countries improved. Singapore (0.798), Thailand (0.768) and Philippines (0.733) once again rank highest, and each scored positive increases in this research. Conversely, Bangladesh (0.519), Pakistan (0.451), and Afghanistan (0.446) ranked the lowest.
In the Pacific eight out of 14 countries showed some improvement, while three countries decreased. New Zealand (0.870), Australia (0.855) and Kiribati (0.664) make up the top three, with New Zealand overtaking Australia this year. Vanuatu (0.536), Solomon Islands (0.496) and Papua New Guinea (0.429) rank the lowest.
“While we welcome the efforts of many countries, girls and young women continue to be undervalued and underestimated. Discriminatory attitudes and practices are limiting their ability to enact leadership and their abilities in most areas of life,” said Dengle.
The burden of climate change on girls
Further findings on girl-led climate advocacy examine how the climate crisis is disproportionately affecting girls and young women.
Droughts, extreme heat, flooding and increased exposure to diseases, all linked to climate change, are magnifying the inequalities of many adolescent girls living in poverty - driving more into forced marriages and early school dropouts.
Many governments have low policy priority on climate change, especially when acknowledging girls and young women as agents of change. Coupled with unequal gender norms, it can be hard for some girls to feel comfortable in their climate influencing: one in three young girls and young women lack confidence participating.
Girl and young women climate promoters often feel rejected and isolated - some even report physical, mental and other forms of abuse due to their involvement. But this is not stopping them: 85% of survey respondents indicate that being a girl or a woman motivates them to advocate for climate change and justice.
"Many people do not take us seriously at first. But we must be persistent in our advocacy, repeating messages again and again until it is heard,” said a Nepali respondent.
Through this persistence, girl-led climate action and influencing is becoming a catalyst for change across the region bringing climate science and its urgency to public attention.
A call for action
Availability of data for young women in Asia and the Pacific is hard to come by. The indexes and accompanying research act as a unique instrument to influence policymakers, donors and the public to invest more in girls' leadership and programs.
The report urges countries throughout the region to invest in better adolescent girls’ frameworks, encourage more engagement by decision makers and civil society, and offer more protection and support to young female climate advocates, including drastic policy changes and acknowledging girls as essential stakeholders.
“Despite challenges, power lies in girls and young women’s aspirations for change and determination to fight for climate justice and other causes. We must recognize girls’ and young women’s capacity as agents of change and provide safe spaces to strengthen their political capabilities and collective action,” said Dengle.
Source: Press Release